Stichting – Registered at the Hague

Article 1 – Name

The name of the Stichting is: Stichting “International Association for the Study of Attention and Performance” (hereinafter referred to as the “Association”). The Stichting is established at the Hague, The Netherlands (As of January 27, 1976).

Article 2 – Purpose

The objectives of the Association are to increase and disseminate scientific knowledge concerning human attention, performance, and information processing, and to foster international communication in this area. The Association shall endeavour to attain its objectives by:

Article 3 – Executive Committee

  1. The management of the Association shall be entrusted to an Executive Committee (hereinafter referred to as the “Committee”) consisting of not fewer than five and not more than nine members. At least two members of the Committee shall have permanent residence in North America and at least two in Europe. No person may be elected to the Committee if his or her election increases the number of Committee members with permanent residence in the same country above three. Each member of the Committee shall be active in research in the area specified in Article 2. The Committee shall appoint its own members (see this Article, Sections 7 and 8).
  2. Each Committee member shall normally be elected for a term of two successive full cycles. A cycle is defined as a period of time which begins on the thirtieth day following the last day of a Regular Committee Meeting (see Article 4.2), and ends on the twenty-ninth day following the last day of the first Regular Committee Meeting occurring no less than twenty months later. If a member is elected between the beginning of one cycle and the next, then her or his term of office shall consist of the fraction of a cycle remaining after the date of his or her appointment together with the next full cycle. Members may serve for as many terms as they are elected to; however, a person may serve two consecutive terms only once. (See also Article 7.2).
  3. At least once every two cycles a new Committee member shall be elected who has never previously served a full cycle on the Committee. If possible, Committee appointments shall be made so that at the start of every cycle at least half of the Committee members shall also have been members during the preceding cycle.
  4. The Committee shall appoint a chairman from among its members.
  5. The Committee shall appoint a Secretary and a Treasurer; these offices may be held by the same person. The Secretary and Treasurer may be members of the Committee. Alternatively, upon a two-thirds vote of the Committee one or both of these officers may be appointed from outside the Committee and would normally attend Committee meetings.
  6. The length of a term of office for Committee officers shall be one cycle. There are no restrictions on the number of successive terms to which an officer may be appointed. (See this article, sections 1 and 2)
  7. A member’s term on the Committee shall be terminated by her or his resignation, dismissal, or death. After a member has ceased to be actively engaged in research for more than one cycle in the area specified in Article 2 he or she is expected to resign. The dismissal of any of its members must be approved by at least two thirds of the Committee.
  8. The Committee is obliged to fill a vacancy within sixty days after the number of its members has declined below five. If the number of Committee members drops below four then the Committee shall nominate candidates for membership and provide the council with an opportunity to review the candidates as follows: The Mail Procedure (Article 4.1) shall be used to provide each member of the Advisory Council (Article 6) with the name and biographical information for each candidate together with a request that the Council member register any objections that she or he may have to any candidate. A candidate shall not be appointed if the Committee receives objections from more than ten percent of the Council within thirty days of the date of the mailing.
  9. If all the seats on the Committee become vacant before existing vacancies can be filled, or in the circumstances specified in Article 6.4, the Advisory Council shall appoint five new members to the Committee. If such appointment is not or cannot be effected within a reasonable time, the five new members of the Committee shall be appointed by the President of the Court of the Hague.
  10. Personal financial profit resulting from services to the Association shall not accrue to members of the Committee, members of the Advisory Council, organizers of Symposia, or organizers of other scientific meetings (See Article 7).
  11. The first Committee shall consist of the following members and officers:

Stanislav Dornic, Sweden – member Sylvan Kornblum, U.S.A. – Secretary/Treasurer Wim G. Koster, The Netherlands – member Patrick M. A. Rabbitt, England – member Andries F. Sanders, The Netherlands – Chairman Saul Sternberg, U.S.A. – member Alan T. Welford, Australia – member


Article 4 – Meetings and Decisions of the Executive Committee

  1. The Committee shall reach its decisions at Regular or at Special Meetings, or by a Mail Procedure that shall include the polling of members by registered mail after appropriate written consultation has taken place.
  2. The Committee shall hold a Regular Meeting at or about the time of each Regular Symposium (See Articles 2 and 7). No more than forty months shall elapse between two consecutive Regular Meetings. A Regular Meeting shall normally: a) Be announced no less than six months prior to the date of the meeting. b) Be attended by a majority of the Committee members. c) Include reports by the Committee Chairman, the Secretary, and the Treasurer. In the event that any of the above three requirements of a Regular Meeting cannot be met, appropriate procedures, as specified in the Bylaws, shall be used for carrying on the Association’s business.
  3. At the written request of at least two Committee members who shall state the matter to be decided, the Secretary shall, if possible, call a Special Meeting of the Committee; if a Special Meeting cannot be held at which decisions are made, then the Mail Procedure shall be used to resolve the question.
  4. Minutes shall be kept of all the meetings of the Committee.
  5. Unless otherwise specified in this Constitution, all decisions shall be made by an absolute majority of the Committee. Each member shall have one vote which may be cast in person or by mail. No voting by proxy shall be allowed. Voting by secret ballot may be requested by any member of the Committee on any question.

Article 5 – Representation

  1. The Association may be represented at law, and otherwise, by the Committee, by one or more of its members, or by one or more other persons. Such a person or persons must have been designated by the Committee for that purpose.
  2. In the event of a decision by the Committee to empower one or more of its members, or one or more other persons to represent the Association in dealings with third parties, written notice of the said decision, duly signed by the Secretary and the Chairman, shall suffice. If the Secretary himself or herself has been empowered to represent the Association, the notice shall also be signed by one of the other members of the Committee.

Article 6 – Advisory Council

  1. The Committee shall be responsible for forand retaining an Advisory Council (hereinafter referred to as the “Council”) consisting of not fewer than thirty and not more than one hundred persons each of whom is actively engaged in research in the area specified in Article 2.
  2. Each member of the Council shall be appointed by the Committee following agreement by a majority of at least two-thirds of the Committee. The term of office for each Council member shall be two cycles, with the possibility of one further term of two cycles. Termination of membership in the Council in the course of a term shall be possible by the resignation, death or dismissal of the member concerned. If the number of members on the Council drops below thirty the Committee shall appoint the required number of new members to the Council starting with the next cycle. No person may be a member of the Council and a member of the Committee at the same time.
  3. The Council shall advise the Committee in matters of policy. If the number of Committee members drops below four (as mentioned in Article 3 above), the Council shall also propose candidates for membership on the Committee and on the Council. In making its decisions, the Committee shall, so far as possible, take into account the advice that it receives from members of the Council. Copies of all such advice and recommendations shall be received by, and distributed to, all members of the Council and Committee by the Committee Secretary.
  4. The Council may dismiss the Committee in its entirety by sending to the Secretary, by registered mail, a declaration signed by at least two-thirds of the members of the Council stating that the signatories no longer have confidence in the Committee. The provisions of Article 3.8 shall then come into operation.
  5. The Council may not dismiss individual members of the Committee.
  6. The Council may dismiss one of its own members by sending to the Secretary, by registered mail, a declaration signed by at least two-thirds of the members of the Council stating that the signatories no longer have confidence in that member.


Article 7 – Regular Scientific Symposia

  1. The Committee shall be responsible for organizing one Regular Symposium,in the area specified in Article 2, at least once every two years, if possible. No more than forty months shall elapse between any two consecutive Regular Symposia. In order better to suit the Symposia to the purposes of the Association, meetings are envisioned that are small in size, have no parallel sessions, allow ample time and opportunity for detailed discussion, have broad international representation, and seek out as contributors and participants young, promising investigators as well as established scientists. Regular Symposia will normally be limited to several topics within the area specified in Article 2 so as to insure common as well as diverse interests among the participants, and to encourage discussion.
  2. The Committee shall appoint an Organizer for each Symposium sufficiently in advance of the actual meeting. The Organizer of a Regular Symposium shall be responsible for both the Symposium and for the Symposium volume (Article 8.2), and shall also be invited to become a member of the Committee if he or she is not already a member and is eligible to serve. His or her term shall begin with the first cycle after the symposium. If she or he is ineligible because of just having completed two successive terms as a member of the Committee, he or she shall be invited to serve as an ex-officio member. A full term shall intervene between the termination of such an ex-officio term and subsequent re-election to the Committee.
  3. No more than two Regular Symposia shall be convened in the same country in succession.
  4. Participation in a Symposium is confined to persons who have been invited by the Organizer.
  5. Papers presented at a Symposium are expected to describe work not previously published and to represent a substantial contribution to the area described in Article 2. Members of the Committee and Council shall be solicited for their nomination of participants in Regular Symposia. The Organizer shall submit the final list of proposed participants and alternates, together with the sources of the proposals, to the Committee in time to receive their comments and concurrence prior to issuing the invitations. At the same time, the Organizer shall also submit for concurrence an outline of all the other essential aspects of the Symposium including the tentative program, and the dates and the place of the meeting.

Article 8 – Publications

  1. The arrangements for publishing any documents, books, journals, etc., under the Association auspices must receive prior approval by the Committee.
  2. For each Regular Symposium a volume shall be published as quickly as possible after the Symposium consistent with maintaining standards of excellence. The purpose of this volume shall be to publish papers that were presented at the Symposium.

Article 9 – Funds

  1. The funds of the Association shall consist of.a) amounts received by the Association by succession, legacy or gift.b) contributions, subsidies, grants, contracts, etc.c) income from Symposium publications, etc.d) moneys received by way of loans or credits.e) all other income.
  2. At each Regular Meeting of the Committee the Treasurer shall submit a written report on her or his management of the Association’s finances during the preceding cycle which shall have been approved and signed by two other members of the Committee who are not also officers, and who have been designated by the Committee.


Article 10 – Bylaws

The Committee shall draw up rules for the Association. The adoption and the amendment of such Bylaws shall require at least a two-thirds majority of the Committee.

Article 11 – Amendments to the Constitution

The Committee may amend any part of the Constitution with the exception of Article 2 and Article 6, Sections 1 and 4. Amending the constitution requires a notarial instrument and the approval of at least two-thirds of the Committee. The Committee must ascertain the Council’s views on the proposed amendment prior to voting.

Article 12 – Dissolution

  1. The Committee is entitled to dissolve the Association. The decision to do so is subject to the same voting requirements as specified in Article 11.
  2. In the event of dissolution of the Association, the liquidation shall be carried out by the Committee unless other liquidators are appointed when the decision to dissolve the Association is made. The provisions of the constitution shall, as far as possible, be applied during the liquidation process.Any credit balance remaining shall be applied, as far as possible, in accordance with the objectives of the Association, at the discretion of Committee.


  • Attention and Performance

    The International Association for the Study of Attention and Performance is a scientific organization with the aim of holding bi-annual scientific meetings of highest quality and of publishing edited volume of the proceedings.

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